Comparto esta entrevista a Adam Przeworski, profesor del Departamento de Ciencias Políticas de New York University. Es bastante larga (63 páginas!), pero sin duda muy provechosa para los interesados en ciencia política en el país. Przeworski tiene una trayectoria interesantísima: empezó como sociólogo en su natal Polonia y luego hizo su doctorado en ciencias políticas en Northwestern University. Fue marxista, pero de los inteligentes y el núcleo de su programa de investigación consiste en temas que pueden entenderse como un esfuerzo por comprender el porqué alguna de las principales predicciones del marxismo fallaron (como, por ejemplo, el porqué no hubo revoluciones en occidente) . Fue uno de los primeros politólogos en usar la teoría de juegos en sus investigaciones, lo cual para la mayoría de sus colegas era poco menos que una extravagancia metodológica.
A: First, I do “train” them. I subject graduate students to a systematic program. What typically happens is that a student says he or she wants to study with me. I ask them what they want to do. Then I ask what they know, and then I tell them, “Here is what you need to learn in order to do what you want to do.” These days what they need to learn typically consists of some philosophy, some economics, and quite a lot of statistics. So my students get a systematic training by others. In addition, I have always taught an introduction to something. For many, many years I taught a course called “Marxist Theories of the State,” which evolved into “Theories of the State,” and then into “Political Economy.” I may not teach this course anymore, because I already published a textbook on the subject. I don’t think I can teach what I’ve already written. In any case, students typically take this introductory course. I also teach advanced courses, usually about whatever I am working on or about some methodological aspects I think students should learn and cannot get from others. For example, I recently taught a course called “Statistical Methods of Comparative Research,” which focused on selection bias. I don’t teach facts. My view is that students should learn facts by themselves, by reading history. But I do force all my foreign graduate students to take an American Government course. And unless they are especially strong-headed and committed, I don’t allow them to write about their own country for a long time. Students acquire all these skills and then they formulate a research project. And I supervise them quite tightly. I usually run a doctoral seminar. One of the things I discovered a long time ago is that graduate students in the US are left alone at the very time that they most need interaction with their advisers and other students. In the US, graduate students finish their coursework, defend their proposal, their funding typically ends, and then they are on their own. That’s when you most need to speak to others, hear others, and learn new techniques you may need to use for your dissertation. So I have always kept some form of interaction framework for advanced students. I always encourage them to participate in seminars, to talk to others, and to present their work.
El otro párrafo tiene que ver con el reconocimiento que hace Przeworski acerca de las contribuciones de los economistas al área de comparative politics. De acuerdo con él, parte de las mejores contribuciones en el campo la vienen haciendo economistas:
La entrevista completa pueden verla aquí: